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Celebrating African Textiles and Fashion: A Rich History and Modern Influence

Tongoro Studio Hand Crafted Jewelry

African textiles and fashion have a profound history that dates back centuries, filled with cultural significance, vibrant colors, and intricate designs. These fabrics were not just clothing but symbols of identity, status, and tradition. Over time, African fashion designers have infused these rich traditions with contemporary styles, creating a fusion of old and new that celebrates Africa's creativity and innovation. In this blog post, we explore the diverse world of African textiles, their history, significance, and the designers shaping the global fashion landscape today.

African woman making Andire Textiles
Making Andire Textiles

African textiles and fashion date back for centuries. Textiles for clothing and had significant cultural and spiritual significance. Many African cultures reserved specific patterns and colors for certain occasions, such as weddings, funerals, and religious ceremonies. Textiles were used to communicate social status, wealth, and identity. For example, in West Africa, the Kente cloth was worn by royalty and dignitaries to symbolize their status and power. Similarly, in the Yoruba culture of Nigeria, the Adire cloth was worn by women to showcase their social and economic status.

The production of textiles was also a communal activity, bringing people together to share skills and knowledge. Women were often the primary producers of textiles, passing down traditional techniques and designs from generation to generation.

In recent years, African fashion and textiles have gained global recognition for their unique designs, vibrant colors, and rich cultural heritage. African designers are bringing traditional techniques and designs into contemporary fashion, creating a fusion of old and new that celebrates Africa's creativity and innovation.

Through their work, African fashion designers challenge stereotypes and promote a more inclusive and representative vision of beauty and style. By highlighting the cultural significance and history of textiles, African fashion designers are creating beautiful clothing and preserving and celebrating the diverse cultural heritage of the continent. As we celebrate Black History Month, it's crucial to acknowledge and honor the myriad contributions of Black communities worldwide. One of the areas where Black culture shines brightly is in the area of fashion and textiles. African textiles are a visual feast, showcasing centuries of creativity, tradition, and resilience.

Some types of textiles include:

African man dressed in kente cloth robe
Man dressed in Kente Cloth

Kente cloth, originating from the Ashanti people of Ghana, is more than just a fabric—it symbolizes cultural pride and identity. The weaving process, known as "double weave," is a testament to the weavers' precision and expertise, resulting in intricate patterns and vibrant colors. Each piece of Kente cloth takes weeks or even months to complete, making it a cherished symbol of African craftsmanship. Learn more about Kente Cloth here

Mudcloth, or Bògòlanfini, is an ancient Malian textile tradition with centuries-old roots. Originating from the Bamana people, this unique fabric is characterized by its earthy colors and symbolic designs. The labor-intensive production process involves hand-painting cotton cloth with fermented mud, plant-based dyes, and natural pigments. The resulting patterns, created using a resist-dyeing technique, are a testament to the artisans' meticulous craftsmanship.

In Nigeria, the Yoruba people have a long-standing tradition of creating Adire textiles. Artisans use various resist-dyeing techniques to create stunning designs, including tie-dye (adire eleko) and stencil dyeing (adire alabere). Cassava paste or wax is applied to the fabric before dyeing, creating unique patterns that reflect the creativity of the artisans. Read more: The History Of Adire Textile

African women looking at lots of Ankara fabrics
Woman with Ankara fabrics

African wax print fabric, commonly known as Ankara, is the fusion of traditional African techniques with European influences. Originating in the Netherlands in the 19th century, trade routes later introduced Ankara fabric to West Africa. The fabric is created using wax-resist dyeing, where hot wax is stamped onto the fabric to create intricate patterns. The vibrant colors and layered designs of Ankara fabric reflect the creativity and ingenuity of African artisans. Read more: The Fascinating History of Ankara Fabric (African Wax Print) in West Africa


In addition to these traditional textiles, African fashion designers have significantly contributed to the global fashion industry.  Read on to learn about some of these featured designers:


Duro Olowu, a Nigerian-born, London-based designer, has gained international recognition for his bold prints and vibrant designs. His eclectic style blends influences from his Nigerian heritage with a contemporary aesthetic, resulting in stunning collections worn by celebrities and fashionistas worldwide.


Ozwald Boateng, a British-Ghanaian designer, is renowned for revolutionizing men's tailoring with a modern twist. His impeccable craftsmanship and innovative approach to menswear have earned him numerous accolades, including being the first black designer to have a flagship store on London's Savile Row. Boateng's designs often feature bold colors, sharp cuts, and unexpected details, challenging traditional notions of men's fashion.


Lisa Folawiyo, based in Lagos, Nigeria, is celebrated for her contemporary take on Ankara fabrics. Through her eponymous label, Jewel by Lisa, Folawiyo elevates traditional African textiles by incorporating them into modern silhouettes and embellishing them with intricate beadwork and embroidery. Her designs have been showcased on international runways and worn by celebrities like Beyoncé and Lupita Nyong'o, bringing global attention to African fashion.


Tongoro Studio, founded by Sarah Diouf, is a Senegalese-based fashion brand known for its commitment to sustainability and ethical production. Diouf's vision is to create high-quality, ready-to-wear clothing that is both affordable and environmentally conscious.

Tongoro Studio collaborates with local artisans and uses locally sourced materials to develop its collections, empowering African communities while promoting a more sustainable fashion industry.

There are many black designers making history. For more, check out these additional articles:

These designers, along with many others across the continent, are reshaping the fashion landscape with their creativity, innovation, and commitment to showcasing the beauty and diversity of African culture. Through their work, they contribute to the global fashion industry, challenge stereotypes, and promote a more inclusive and representative vision of beauty and style.

African Fashion Exhibit, featuring traditional textiles Portland Art Museum

Thanks for reading today!  Have other suggestions or questions?  Reach out to let us know

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